Curriculum development from a traditionalist perspective is widely used across schools in Canada and other countries. Can you think about: (a) The ways in which you may have experience the Tyler rationale in your own schooling?
I have experience the Tyler Rationale in my education probably since I was in kindergarten. The first level of the Tyler Rationale is “What educational purposes should the school seek to attain?” I have noticed this in my schooling because most of my teachers had the guidebook provided with the student text book. The guidebook had all the answers to the questions and even gave ways to check for students learning and understanding. My teachers also had their curriculum outlines on their desks. These would summarize the overall unit and lesson and would have the desired outcomes and indicators. Tyler’s second level “What educational experiences can be provided that are likely to attain these purposes?” I also noticed this level a lot in my schooling in the form of field trips, guest speakers, experiments and demonstrations. These experiences that I was provided with often reinforced lessons by showing me what I had just learned about and often showing me why it was important. The third level of the Tyler rationale is “How can these educational experiences be effectively organized?” Again this can be demonstrated by the daily outline my teachers always had. A lot of my teachers usually had a big monthly calendar on their desks with the breakdown of what their plan was for the semester. The final level of the Tyler rationale is “How can we determine whether these purposes are being attained?” I am not sure if I experienced this level in my schooling, but I would assume that my teachers had some method of checking to make sure we were attaining our goals. I feel like if I had to make a poster or a project for a class that would be showing if I attained the lessons purpose.
(b) What are the major limitations of the Tyler rationale/what does it make impossible?
Since I have an inclusive education minor, the first thing I thought about with the Tyler rationale was how it fits with students who have behavioral or cognitive needs such as Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) or Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). When it comes to education students that are affected by these disorders often have more needs than other students and therefore I feel that the Tyler rationale does not fit with these children. It may be adaptable to meet these children’s needs but it would probably have to be paired with another theory or rationale to ensure the success of the student.
(c) What are some potential benefits/what is made possible? Be sure to refer to the assigned article in your post; you may also include information from lecture if you wish.
One quote from the reading that I really liked was from page 69, it says: “Modern education … has discovered the child, but it does not see him merely as a child. … It sees the man within the child as clearly as it sees the child. It sees its task as one of bringing into full and complete being this man within the child.” I found this quote really helped me understand the benefits of modern education and the Tyler rationale. Teachers need to remember that their actions are likely to impact their students in big ways. We need to be mindful that we are actually teaching these children to help them in the real world once they leave school and that they will be successful members of society. The Tyler rationale discusses a lot about educational experiences and students understanding the purpose of assignments. In a high school setting it is important to give your students experiences and assignments that can have some future relevance for them.